Pekas Castle Mound is an important landmark in the history of Kauguri Civil Parish and the entire Beverīna County since it is the only known ancient Latvian castle mound within the County’s territory. Historically the castle mound was inhabited in the 10th-13th Centuries, as well as during the Middle Ages. It is said to be one of the possible locations of the mysterious Beverīna Castle, which was burned down in 1216.
The mound, which is about 10 m high, is protected by boggy oxbow lakes in the north and west and by the nearby River Gauja in the south. In the east the castle mound was protected by a bailey, separated from the mound by an approximately 5 m wide ditch with an approximately 1 m high bulwark. The depth of the ditch together with the bulwark is 8 m. A ditch with the depth of about 1.5 m, although partly destroyed, still can be traced at the south foot of the hill, now with the forest trees standing close to it. The top of the mound, with used to be ploughed, is an irregular, slightly rounded quadrangle (70x35m). The castle entrance was located and the end of its NE side – today a path winds uphill right there. The oval top of the bailey, separated from the wider riverbank terrace with a 3 m wide ditch, has the size similar to that of the castle mound - 70x30m. The sides of the bailey are steep, approximately 6 to 8 m high. A forest road winds along the castle mound from Kalneniņi farmstead, past Ķeiši field and further to the River Gauja.
At the beginning of the 20th Century archaeologist Francis Balodis wrote down a number of legends about Pekas Hill – they tell about the origins of the name of the hill – Bekas or Pekas, about the devil’s carriage, which drowns in the Gauja near the hill, and about a cellar under the hill and unsuccessful attempts to dig it up.
In the summer of 1948, during the inspection of Pekas Castle Mound an employee of the State Museum of History, Kārlis Rozītis recorded a statement of the-then Chairman of Kauguri Municipality Executive Committee Kārlis Jēkabsons (64 years old) that the local saying goes that treasure hunters never have luck at Pekas Hill. As soon as they start digging a severe thunderstorm starts and they have to quit their work.
Location: near home Kalnaeniņi, Kauguru pagasts, Beverīnas